Fly Fishing in
the Pennsylvania Wilds 2012
Recently when visiting a friend in south Florida, I caught my first Peacock Bass. These colorful creatures favor the shorlines and if your lucky to catch one you will be rewarded with a great fight.
Here is some information I gathered on this species:
The butterfly peacock is a world renown gamefish that was successfully introduced by the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission in 1984 to eat undesirable exotic fishes and to provide more sportfishing opportunities for anglers.
South New River butterfly peacock and largemouth bass average about 13 inches which is similar to area canals. However, electrofishing samples indicate more than 40% of the harvestable butterfly peacock and largemouth bass are bigger than this. The bag limit for butterfly peacock is two fish per day, only one of which can be greater than 17 inches. Up to five largemouth bass per day can be kept, but only one of these can be larger than 14 inches
Fishing for butterfly peacock is best from March through May, but they are caught consistently throughout the year. Butterfly peacock feed only during daylight and normally close to shore, although schooling peacocks sometimes feed aggressively in open water.
Most butterfly peacock are caught on live bait or fast moving artificial lures and flies that imitate small fish. Butterfly peacock are much more likely to be caught using live fish such as small golden shiners for bait than are largemouth bass which makes them an excellent fish for younger anglers, as well as those just learning to bass fish. It is illegal to use goldfish or any other non-native fish for bait, except those legally caught from and used immediately in the same canal.
Peacock Bass fishing has become one of the most exciting and challenging sports in recent years. The thrill that comes from catching a Peacock Bass that explodes on your popper or streamer using a 5 weight rod and rip's across the top of the water, jumping into the air and ripping more line it is a experienced to be believed. Yet, this occurs often for Peacock Bass in the secluded lakes, canals and lagoons of Miami.
The Peacock Bass will challenge the skills and the equipment of every fisherman. From the feisty butterfly peacock bass which can weigh up to 10 pounds, every strike raises the possibility of a new world record. At the end of each day, both fisherman and tackle have to be repaired and rested for the next exciting day.
Many fishermen plan on a one-time "trip of a lifetime" to the Amazon and later realize as they keep returning each year to Florida for another chance to experience the pristine beauty right here in the USA.
The bag limit is two fish per day, with only one longer than 17 inches. Butterfly peacock over 18 inches, or 5 pounds are eligible for the Big Catch programhttp://www.floridaconservation.org/fishing/bigcatch/bigcatch.html. The FWC now has a Peacock Bass Fishing brochure http://www.floridaconservation.org/fishing/pdf/PeacockBassBrochure.pdf available in PDF format.
Order - Perciformes
Family - Cichlidae
Genus - Cichlasoma
Species - urophthalmus
Common names include Mayan cichlid
(English), orange tiger (English),
castarrica (Spanish), and
MORE information at Florida
of Natural History
The Mayan cichlid was originally described as Heros urophthalmus in 1862 by Dr. Albert Günther of the British Museum of Natural History. In 1867, Franz Steindachner of Austria described Heros troschelii based on specimens of Mayan cichlids from Mexico, creating a junior synonym. At present, the taxonomy of the Mayan cichlid exists in something of a state of flux, as the evolutionary relationships of many cichlids remain poorly understood. Recently proposed combinations for the Mayan cichlid include but are not limited to, Herichthys urophthalmus, Parapetenia urophthalma, and Astrontous urophthalmus. Nandopsis urophthalma, is currently accepted as valid by some authors. As many as nine subspecies of the Mayan cichlid have been recognized. The genus of the currently accepted name, Cichlasoma is derived from the Greek words "kichle" = wrasse and "soma" = body.
The Mayan cichlid is native to the Central
waters of southeastern Mexico (including the
Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua.
Dr. Günther's type
is from Lake Petén, Guatemala.
Non-indigenous populations of
cichlids, first reported in 1983, are
established in portions of
Florida Bay and the Everglades in southern
Common English names include oscar, velvet
oscar, and marble cichlid. Other names are
(Portuguese), aluago elselepo (Galibi),
astronotus (French), bola-de-ouro
(Spanish), cichlidé oeil
de paon (French), corró-baiano
crombier (Creole), dorminhoco (Portuguese),
(Palicur), paya (Creole),
pfauenaugenbuntbarsch (German), and
pielegnica pawiooka (Polish).
MORE information at Florida Museum of Natural History
The oscar was formally described in 1831 as Lobotes ocellatus by the famous 19th century zoologist and founder of Harvard University’s Museum of Comparative Zoology, Jean Louis Rodolphe Agassiz. The genus Lobotes however, is entirely marine, and fishes of this genus, known as tripletails (Lobotidae) are of no meaningful relation to cichlids. It is surmised that Agassiz chose Lobotes in describing the oscar based on the fact that he believed his specimen or specimens to have been collected in the Atlantic Ocean. Considering the similarity in appearance of the oscar to the marine tripletails and the erroneous locality information, the original placement of the oscar in Lobotes is not surprising. Current taxonomic placement of the oscar is in the South American cichlid genus Astronotus. Astronotus is derived from the Greek words "astra" = ray and "noton" = back. Ocellatus is Latin for spotted, referring to the spotted pattern on the body of this fish. Synonyms include Acara compressus Cope 1872 and Hyposticta acara Cope 1878. Astronotus has long been considered a monotypic genus, but recent studies indicate that a number of other species of "oscar" abound in South America. Astronotus ocellatus as originally described appears to be restricted to Peru and Brazil.
Although the type locality for Agassiz’
specimen was published as
"Atlantic Ocean" the oscar is a strictly
freshwater species restricted
to the Rio Ucayali drainage and upper Amazon
river of Peru and Brazil.
The error committed by Agassiz is easily
attributable to the fact that
many early species descriptions were based
on specimens shipped to
zoologists from far-flung locales and often
these specimens were
accompanied by little in the way of specific
locality data. Indeed,
there are many instances of early species
descriptions with locality
errors similar to the case of the oscar. A
non-native population of
oscars is well established in South Florida,
BUTTERFLY PEACOCK BASS--1997 Article
Compiled by: Bob Wattendorf http://www.floridaconservation.org/fishing/updates/peacock.html
Proud as a Peacock by VIC DUNAWAY
And why shouldn't we be? It took 25 years but Florida finally got its new "bass". http://www.geocities.com/temensis/vdunaway.htm
Florida Council of the Federation of Fly Fishers